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The Portuguese set sail on an epic voyage in 1415, making them the first to discover the ocean routes to Japan, China, Brazil and India, and founding settlements on the east and west coasts of Africa at the same time. Traces of this worldwide historic existence can be seen an attribute of the Portuguese genius. The unusual great monumental, archaeological and artistic heritage does not only witness the nearly nine hundred years of history full of encounters with far cultures, but also the presence in the territory of ancient people like the Celts, the Suevians, the Visigoths, the Romans and the Arabs.